Causal Layered Pedagogy: Introducing a futures oriented curricula innovation

  • Marcus Bussey University of the Sunshine Coast
Keywords: Causal layered pedagogy, causal layered analysis, futures, curriculum theory, futures education, epistemology, ontology


Causal Layered Pedagogy (CLP) is a curricula and pedagogical engagement with Causal Layered Analysis (CLA) (Inayatullah, 2004). CLP is an emergent tool. It has the potential to engage curriculum theory and pedagogical practice in such a way as to open up spaces for both alternative ways of knowing and doing, and for new inner spaces for thinking about how to engage in deep and transformative learning processes. Like CLA its focus is on a deepening sense of agency conveyed to a community of learners. Such agency is reflective and therefore critical in the sense of being able to identify and engage social, cultural and individual processes that determine and limit choice and awareness. Such a critical stance allows for what Foucault called “the art of not being governed quite so much” (Foucault, 2002, p. 193).

Author Biography

Marcus Bussey, University of the Sunshine Coast
Marcus Bussey lectures in World History at the University of the Sunshine Coast, he is a doctoral student in his final year. He is also a member of that university’s Regional Sustainability Research Group and an associate of Prout College ( He has written widely in the area of futures, education, policy, culture and transformative pedagogy and has over 50 published papers (journal articles, book reviews, book chapters, magazine articles and an encyclopedia entry for UNESCO’s Encyclopaedia of Life Support Systems) and has co-authored Futures Thinking For Social Foresight with Richard Slaughter (Tamsui, Tamkang University Press, 2005) and co-edited Neohumanist Educational Futures: Liberating the Pedagogical Intellect with Sohail Inayatullah & Ivana Milojević (Tamsui, Tamkang University Press, 2006) and Alternative Educational Futures: pedagogies for Emergent Worlds with Sohail Inayatullah & Ivana Milojević, (Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, 2008 forthcoming).