Speculative Fictions and Curricular Futures
Envisioning Rural Educational Utopia
AbstractSituated within the local context of New Brunswick—a small, mostly rural, Canadian province with an aging population and a steady influx of new residents from other countries—this article speculates new curricular possibilities beyond the post-industrial and neoliberal structures of current curriculum and schooling. The authors approach their speculation creatively through a collectively-authored narrative meant to engage the idea of educational utopia within their shared place. In a subsequent discussion of the narrative, the authors reflect on the global phenomenon of neoliberal ideological intrusion into curriculum as manifest in New Brunswick, as well as the myriad forms that intrusion can take. Specifically, the authors discuss: the continued modeling of the school system on adult work, the rigid control of time and the dangers of flexibility in schooling, the desire to expand concepts of community involvement in education, and the urgent necessity of racial equity work in rural spaces. In concluding their discussion, the authors highlight the potential of dreaming new curricular possibilities to disrupt the status quo of education locally and globally.
Appelbaum, P. (2019). Speculative fiction, curriculum studies, and crisis. Journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Curriculum Studies (JAAACS), 13(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.14288/jaaacs.v13i2.192252
Apple, M. (1979). Ideology and curriculum. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
AuCoin, A., Porter, G. L., Baker-Korotkov, K. (2020). New Brunswick’s journey to inclusive education. Prospects. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11125-020-09508-8
Armstrong, J. C. (1998). Land speaking. In S. Ortiz (Ed.), Speaking for the generations: Native writers on writing (pp. 174–194). The University of Arizona Press.
Baker, C., Varma, M., & Tanaka, C. (2001). Sticks and stones: Racism as experienced by adolescents in New Brunswick. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 33(3), 87–105. https://cjnr.archive.mcgill.ca/article/view/1650
Bauman, Z. (2007). Liquid times: Living in an age of uncertainty. Polity.
Benjamin, A., Crymble, S.B. & Haines, K. (2017). Is the ground really fertile? Entrepreneurship as a labour market strategy in New Brunswick. The Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education (CASAE) (pp. 40-45).
Braidotti, R. (2019). Posthuman knowledge. Polity.
Chambers, C. (1999). A topography for Canadian curriculum theory. Canadian Journal of Education/Revue canadienne de l'éducation, 137-150.https://doi.org/10.2307/1585924
Cooke, G. B. & Petersen, B. K. (2019). A typology of the employment-education-location challenges facing rural island youth. Island Studies Journal, 14(1), 101–124. https://doi.org/10.24043/isj.81
Corbett, M. (2016). Reading Lefebvre from the periphery: Thinking globally about the rural. In Schulte, A. & Walker-Gibbs, B. (Eds.) Self-Studies in Rural Teacher Education (pp. 141–156). Springer Publishing.
Davies, B. (2014). Listening to children: Being and becoming. Routledge.
Dimaline, C. (2017). The marrow thieves. Dancing Cat Books.
Donald, D. & Ng-A-Fook, N. (2020). Episode 1: Dwayne Donald [podcast]. Fooknconversation. https://www.fooknconversation.com/podcast/episode-1-dwayne-donald/
Fairfield, P. (2015). Death: a philosophical inquiry. Routledge.
Fortunato, J. A., Gigliotti, R. A., & Ruben, B. D. (2018). Analysing the dynamics of crisis leadership in higher education: A study of racial incidents at the University of Missouri. Journal of Contingencies & Crisis Management, 26(4), 510–518. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12220
Freire, P. (2002). Pedagogy of the Oppressed (50th anniversary ed.). The Continuum International Publishing Group.
Giroux, H. (2002). Teachers as transformatory intellectuals. EDucate, 1(2), 46-49. http://www.afed.itacec.org/document/henry_giroux_2_ok.pdf
GNB. (2016). 10-year education plan: Everyone at their best. Fredericton, NB: Province of New Brunswick. https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam/gnb/Departments/ed/pdf/ K12/EveryoneAtTheirBest.pdf
GNB. (2019a). Succeeding at home: a green paper on education in New Brunswick. Fredericton, NB: Province of New Brunswick. https://www2.gnb.ca/content/dam /gnb/Departments/ed/pdf/promo/summit/GreenPaper.pdf
GNB. (2019b). Education and early childhood development: Respect-Diversity-Inclusion. https://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/education/k12/content/rdi.html
GNB. (2021). January 17 - Update on COVID-19 [video]. Youtube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d2On0yCm3Iw&ab_channel=GNB
Hadley, G. R. L. (2017). Why entrepreneurship education is a good fit for rural Nova Scotia schools. Antistasis, 8(1), 21-30. https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/ antistasis/article/view/25846
Haraway, D. (2012). Awash in urine: DES and Premarin® in multispecies response-ability. Women's Studies Quarterly, 40(1/2), 301-316. DOI: 10.1353/wsq.2012.0005
Haraway, D. (2016). Staying with the trouble: Making kin in the chthulucene. Durham: Duke University Press.
Harwood, D., Whitty, P., Elliot, E., & Rose, S. (2018). The flat weasel: Children and adults experiencing death through nature/culture encounters. In A. Cutter-Mackenzie et al. (Eds.), Research Handbook on Childhoodnature (pp. 1-21). Springer International Publishing.
Holtman, C., & Thériault, L. (2017). Coming and going: the impacts of precarious work and non-citizenship on immigrant and in-and out-migration in New Brunswick. International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, 3(1), 98-112. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMBS.2017.081194
Honoré, C. (2009). In praise of slow: How a worldwide movement is challenging the cult of speed. Vintage Canada.
Hopkinson, N. (2012). Report from Planet Midnight. PM Press.
Jones, R. (2019, December). 'Tough to take': New Brunswick grabs unwanted title as Canada's poorest province. CBC News.https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/labour-shortage-new-brunswick-1.4931432
Jones, R. (2020, October). Wanted: Young people. Population under the age of 65 in N.B. hits 46-year low. CBC news. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/new-brunswick-aging-population-1.5745686
Kuby, C., Spector, K., & Thiel, J. (Eds.). (2019). Posthumanism and literacy education: Knowing/becoming/doing literacies. Routledge.
Kumar, A. (2013). Curriculum as meditative inquiry. Palgrave MacMillan.
Kumar, A. (2019). Curriculum in international contexts: Understanding colonial, ideological and neoliberal influences. Palgrave Macmillan.
Kumar, A., & Downey, A. (2018). Teaching as meditative inquiry: A dialogical exploration. Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies, 16(2), 52-75. https://jcacs.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/jcacs/article/view/40339
Kurki, S. B., Herriot, L., & French-Smith, M. (2018). Provoking the (not so?) hidden curriculum of busy with a feminist ethic of joy. In E. Hasebe-Ludt and C. Leggo (eds.), Canadian Curriculum Studies: A Métissage of Inspiration/Imagination/Interconnection (292-300). Canadian Scholars.
Liboiron, M. (2019). Waste is not ‘matter out of place’. Discard Studies. Retrieved from https://discardstudies.com/2019/09/09/waste-is-not-matter-out-of-place/
Livesey, B. (2016, June). What have the Irving’s done to New Brunswick. The National Observer. https://www.nationalobserver.com/2016/06/06/news/what-have-irvings-done-new-brunswick
Massfeller, H. & Hamm, L. (2019). “I’m thinking I want to live a better life”: Syrian refugee student adjustment in New Brunswick. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Education, 14(1), 33–54. https://doi.org/10.20355/jcie29354
Mbembe, A. (2019). Necropolitics. Duke University Press.
Moser, A. (2019, September). On the family that owns New Brunswick. The Strand. https://thestrand.ca/on-the-family-that-owns-new-brunswick/
Morrison, T. (2019). The source of self-regard: Selected essays, speeches, and meditations. Alferd Knopf.
O’Donnell, S. (2020, December). Opposition Day at the Legislature: Motion fails on inquiry into systemic racism. NB Media Co-op. https://nbmediacoop.org/2020/12/15/opposition-day-at-the-legislature-motion-fails-on-inquiry-into-systemic-racism/
Official Languages Act, SNB 2002, c O-0.5, Retrieved from https://canlii.ca/t/888m#sec1.
Piercy, M. (1976). Woman on the edge of time. Random House.
Poitras, J. (2014). Irving Vs. Irving: Canada's feuding billionaires and the stories they won't tell. Penguin Canada.
Poitras, J. (2020, April). Public schools likely to stay closed for remainder of school year, Cardy says. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/dominic-cardy-education-announcement-1.5518768
Prendergast, M. (2019) Generosity in performance. NJ, 43(2), 100-113. https://doi.org/10.1080/14452294.2019.1703207
Raphael, D., Bryant, T., Mikkonen, J., & Raphael, A. (2020). Social determinants of health: The canadian facts. Oshawa: Ontario Tech University Faculty of Health Sciences and Toronto: York University School of Health Policy and Management. https://www.thecanadianfacts.org/The_Canadian_Facts-2nd_ed.pdf
Rogers, P. (2018). Tracing neoliberal governmentality in education: Disentangling economic crises, accountability, and the disappearance of social studies (doctoral dissertation). University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario. https://ruor.uottawa.ca/bitstream/10393/37232/3/Rogers_Pamela_2018_thesis.pdf
Rose, D. B. (2012). Multispecies knots of ethical time. Environmental Philosophy, 9(1), 127-140. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26169399
Rose, S., & Whitty, P. (2010). “Where do we find the time to do this?”: Struggling against the tyranny of time. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 56(3), 257-273. https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/ajer/article/view/55410
Saul, R. (2021). Schooling at the doorstep of dystopia: On educating for unsustainable futures. Journal of Educational Thought, 54(1). https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/jet/article/view/72891
Schafft, K. A. (2016). Rural education as rural development: Understanding the rural school-community well-being linkage in a 21st-century policy context. Peabody Journal of Education, 91(2), 137-154. DOI: 10.1080/0161956X.2016.1151734
Schollie, B., Negropontes, D., Buan, E., & Litun, B. (2017). Impact of schools on rural communities study. Alberta Education, Alberta Municipal Affairs, and Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development.
Schubert, W. H. (2010). Worth, what knowledge is of. In C. Kridel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of curriculum studies (p. 950). SAGE Publications, Inc.
Sears, A. (2018). Just tinkering: Education for civic engagement and electoral sophistication in New Brunswick. Journal of New Brunswick Studies, 9(1), 47-56. https://journals.lib.unb.ca/index.php/JNBS/article/view/26132
Sennett, R. (1998). The corrosion of character: The personal consequences of work in the new capitalism. Norton.
Snyder, B. (2016). The disrupted workplace: Time and the moral order of flexible capitalism. Oxford University Press.
Styres, S. (2019). Literacies of land: Decolonizing narratives, storying, and literature. In L. T. Smith, E. Tuck, & K. W. Yang (Eds.), Indigenous and decolonizing studies in education: Mapping the long view (pp. 24- 37). Routledge.
Tuck, E., & Gaztambide-Fernandez, R. A. (2013). Curriculum, replacement, and settler futurity. Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 29(1), 72-89. https://journal.jctonline.org/index.php/jct/article/view/411
Varma-Joshi, M., Baker, C., & Tanaka, C. (2004). Names will never hurt me?. Harvard Educational Review, 74(2), 175-208. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer. 74.2.p077712755767067
Wahlström, N. (2018). Where is ‘the political’ in curriculum research?. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 50(6), 711-723. DOI: 10.1080/00220272.2018.1537375
Weaver, J. A. (2019). Curriculum SF (speculative fiction). Journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Curriculum Studies (JAAACS), 13(2), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.14288/jaaacs.v13i2.191108
Weeks, K. (2011). The problem with work: Feminism, Marxism, antiwork politics, and postwork imaginaries. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Yamoah, M. (2020, July 28). Black Lives Matter N.B. plans to bring Black history to public school curriculum. Global News. https://globalnews.ca/news/7225728/blm-black-history-school-program/
Zamalin, A. (2019). Black utopia: The history of an idea from Black nationalism to Afrofuturism. Columbia University Press.