Determining the Effect of Temperature and Airflow on Ripening of Bananas

Authors

  • Navdeep Binning
  • Harleen Dhaliwal
  • Simran Dhaliwal
  • Justine Grewal

Abstract

Bananas are a climacteric fruit, which means it is green when harvested and its
ripening is initiated by the surrounding climate. In particular, the ripening is mainly
controlled by temperature, the gaseous environment around the fruit and the atmospheric
pressure. The aim of our project was to evaluate which areas of varying temperatures and
airflow conditions in our homes will induce the slowest ripening in order to find the best
storage spot. We placed three bananas in each of the six different storage spots ranging from
4ºC to 22ºC with varying airflow conditions and recorded the percent cover of brownness
twice daily for 12 days. Analysis was performed on our data using a two-way ANOVA test
and the results showed the difference was statistically significant (F(5,24) =11, p < 0.0001).
This states that the percent cover of brownness differs between the groups. However, the
ANOVA test showed no significant difference in percent cover of brownness between the two
times of measurements (p = 0.8037). A post-hoc test, Tukey's multiple comparisons test, was
used to determine the specific six groups that differed. Areas of warmer temperatures and
abundant amounts of airflow had the highest percent cover of brownness and increased
ripeness in comparison to the colder and restricted airflow areas as we predicted, except for
the bananas in the refrigerator. The best storage area for preserving bananas in our homes was
found to be the garage.

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Published

2021-09-16

Issue

Section

Articles