The capitalist mode of conservation, neoliberalism and the ecology of value

  • Noel Castree Manchester University
  • George Henderson University of Minnesota
Keywords: Conservation, Value


This article is a critical engagement with three closely related essays recently published in New Proposals. Authored by Bram Büscher, Jim Igoe and Sian Sullivan, respectively, these essays take issue with the market-based approach to natural resource management, arguing, among other things, that it fails to live up to its own aspirations. While we concur, we identify some key assumptions and claims made by Büscher, Igoe and Sullivan, raising some questions about their veracity and the take-home lessons they convey. We do so as constructive and sympathetic critics, ones steeped in the rich tradition of Marxist theorising that the three authors draw from. The present paper aims to give readers of the essays one critical tool-kit with which to interrogate the plenary arguments presented by Büscher, Igoe and Sullivan.

Author Biographies

Noel Castree, Manchester University
Professor of Geography, School of Environment and Development
George Henderson, University of Minnesota
Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Environment, and Society
Special Theme Reflections and Comments