Malaria Knowledge and Bednet Use for Children Under Five: Angola Malaria Indicator Survey
Keywords:Communicable Disease, Public Health, Malaria, Prevention
AbstractDespite distribution of millions of free mosquito nets in Angola malaria remains the primary cause of mortality in young children, accounting for 35% of deaths among children under five (CU5). Here, our objectives were to examine the association between malaria knowledge and bednet use for CU5, and the impact of malaria messaging. This study used responses from a nationally representative sample of women aged 15–49 from the Angola Malaria Indicator Survey (2011). Descriptive statistics, and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted. Among 6,576 residents with CU5 55.9% (n=3,697) did not own a bednet. Of the respondents with ≥1 bednet for sleeping 87.4% (n=2,122) identified mosquitos as a cause of malaria. Adjusting for respondents’ age, region, and education those reporting mosquitos as a cause of malaria had 1.7 (95%CI: 1.3–2.2) times the odds of bednet use for CU5 than those not reporting mosquitos as a malaria cause. Malaria messaging appeared to have little influence on CU5 bednet use. This study provides evidence of an association between malaria knowledge and bednet use, indicating that along with widescale distribution of bednets for malaria prevention, public health efforts in Angola should focus on increasing awareness and promoting bednet usage through targeted risk communication.
Animut, A., Gebre-Michael, T., Medhin, G., Balkew, M., Bashaye, S., & Seyoum, A. (2008). Assessment of Distribution, Knowledge and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Selected Malaria Prone Areas of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development (EJHD), 22(3). Retrieved from http://www.ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/511
Bayoh, M. N., Walker, E. D., Kosgei, J., Ombok, M., Olang, G. B., Githeko, A. K., … Gimnig, J. E. (2014). Persistently high estimates of late night, indoor exposure to malaria vectors despite high coverage of insecticide treated nets. Parasites & Vectors, 7, 380. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-380
Cosep Consultoria, Consaúde, and ICF International. (2012). Angola Malaria Indicator Survey 2011. Calverton, Maryland: Cosep Consultoria, Consaúde, and ICF International. Retrieved from https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/MIS11/MIS11.pdf
García-Basteiro, A. L., Schwabe, C., Aragon, C., Baltazar, G., Rehman, A. M., Matias, A., … Kleinschmidt, I. (2011). Determinants of bed net use in children under five and household bed net ownership on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. Malaria Journal, 10(1), 179. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-179
Hwang, J., Graves, P. M., Jima, D., Reithinger, R., Kachur, S. P., & Group, and the E. M. W. (2010). Knowledge of Malaria and Its Association with Malaria-Related Behaviors—Results from the Malaria Indicator Survey, Ethiopia, 2007. PLOS ONE, 5(7), e11692. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011692
Mutuku, F. M., King, C. H., Mungai, P., Mbogo, C., Mwangangi, J., Muchiri, E. M., … Kitron, U. (2011). Impact of insecticide-treated bed nets on malaria transmission indices on the south coast of Kenya. Malaria Journal, 10, 356. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-356
Owusu Adjah, E. S., & Panayiotou, A. G. (2014). Impact of malaria related messages on insecticide-treated net (ITN) use for malaria prevention in Ghana. Malaria Journal, 13, 123. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-13-123
Schumacher, R.-F., & Spinelli, E. (2012). Malaria in Children. Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases, 4(1), 2012073.
Somandjinga, M., Lluberas, M., & Jobin, W. R. (2009). Difficulties in organizing first indoor spray programme against malaria in Angola under the President’s Malaria Initiative. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 871–874. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.08.052514
USAID. (2016). Angola, Malaria Operational Plan FY2016. Retrieved from https://www.pmi.gov/docs/default-source/default-document-library/malaria-operational-plans/fy16/fy-2016-angola-malaria-operational-plan.pdf?sfvrsn=6
Walker, P. G. T., Griffin, J. T., Ferguson, N. M., & Ghani, A. C. (2016). Estimating the most efficient allocation of interventions to achieve reductions in Plasmodium falciparum malaria burden and transmission in Africa: a modelling study. The Lancet Global Health, 4(7), e474–e484. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(16)30073-0
Weinstein, N. D. (1988). The precaution adoption process. Health Psychology, 7(4), 355–386. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6126.96.36.1995
World Health Organization. (2011). World health statistics 2011. Geneva: World Health Organization.
World Health Organization. (2015). WHO | World Malaria Report 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2018, from http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/world-malaria-report-2015/report/en/
Xu, J., Liao, Y., Liu, H., Nie, R., & Havumaki, J. (2014). Use of Bed Nets and Factors That Influence Bed Net Use among Jinuo Ethnic Minority in Southern China. PLoS ONE, 9(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0103780
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).