Semantic elicitation frames and their application
Most semantic fieldwork studies seem to make use of elicitation in the sense of Matthewson (2004) at some point in the data collection process. It is therefore necessary to discuss and develop this technique in addition to innovative techniques such as storyboards and video. The present paper discusses the application of different types of elicitation questions, which I shall call ‘elicitation frames’. The elicitation frames are concrete sub-types of Bohnemeyer’s (2015) elicitation types. With examples from my own fieldwork, the paper shows what the employment of the elicitation frames may look like in actual interview sessions, and it discusses how the data they elicit can shed light on different hypotheses from different angles. The applications of the respective frames are also discussed in relation to individual consultant’s preferences. The intention is to contribute to explicit and critical reflections on the relation between hypothesis, elicitation frame and data point. The paper is thus primarily concerned with methodology. However, we generally want to present the collected data and make it useful to the scientific community and to the language community. The paper therefore includes two brief sections which address these matters: One discusses the option for using quotes in journal publications as a way to increase transparency and show how the language consultants have phrased their explanations of the subtle meaning nuances in the language that belongs to them. The other brief section shows an option for converting elicitation data into teaching materials.
Authors of articles retain the copyright of the text and data in the article itself, unless otherwise specified in the article.
However, storyboards and other visual materials that accompany the articles are distributed with the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Canada (CC-BY 2.5 CA) license, which allows the creation of derivative works (including commercial derivative works). To redistribute a storyboard or other visual material in any form, modified or unmodified, you must give appropriate credit to the original author, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. It is not necessary to license a derivative work with the CC-BY CA 2.5 license or any other Creative Commons license.