Applying the Principles of Disease Screening to Prostate Cancer

Maria A Paiva, Mary H. H. Ensom


Despite prostate cancer screening programs being in place for almost two decades, their effectiveness in reducing mortality continues to be contentiously debated, resulting in polarized recommendations by various interest groups. Pharmacists are relied upon to critically appraise various types of literature, including non-drug interventions, such as disease screening programs.  It is important to understand both the purpose and principles of screening to effectively apply the literature.  We review the purpose and eight core attributes of effective screening programs with prostate cancer as the model disease state.



disease screening, prostate cancer, prostate specific antigen (PSA)

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